Biannual Examinations

Union Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan’s recent announcement regarding the introduction of biannual board examinations for 10th and 12th class students starting from the academic session 2025-26 marks a significant stride towards redefining the assessment framework in Indian education.
This initiative, in line with the objectives outlined in the National Education Policy (NEP) unveiled in 2020, aims to alleviate the academic stress burdening students while promoting holistic learning and development.
The decision to offer students the option of appearing for board examinations twice a year reflects a departure from the conventional annual examination system, which often fosters an environment of intense pressure and anxiety.
By providing flexibility and multiple opportunities for assessment, the new approach seeks to create a more student-centric and inclusive learning environment. Students can now pace their preparations according to their individual learning styles and needs, thereby fostering a deeper understanding of concepts and reducing rote memorization.
The move also aligns with the broader objectives of the NEP, which emphasizes the importance of a multidisciplinary approach to education, fostering critical thinking skills, and promoting a holistic development framework. By shifting the focus from a single high-stakes examination to a more continuous and comprehensive evaluation model, the biannual board examinations hold the potential to nurture a culture of lifelong learning and skill acquisition among students.
The introduction of biannual examinations is expected to catalyze a paradigm shift in teaching and learning practices, encouraging educators to adopt innovative pedagogical methods that prioritize conceptual understanding and application-based learning. This, in turn, can lead to the cultivation of a generation of learners equipped with the skills and competencies necessary to thrive in the rapidly evolving global landscape.
Pradhan’s announcement underscores the government’s commitment to reforming the education sector in India and fostering an ecosystem that is conducive to the holistic development of students.
By embracing progressive measures such as biannual board examinations, policymakers are signaling a willingness to adapt to changing educational paradigms and address the evolving needs of learners in the 21st century.
However, while the move towards biannual board examinations holds immense promise, its successful implementation will hinge on effective planning, infrastructure development, and capacity-building measures.
The government must ensure that adequate resources are allocated towards the training of educators, development of standardized assessment frameworks, and establishment of robust examination infrastructure to support the transition.

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