Murder cases in India show marginal decline: NCRB

New Delhi: The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has released its latest data, indicating a marginal decrease in number of murder cases across India in 2022. As many as 28,522 FIRs for murder were registered, averaging 76 killings daily, down from 29,272 in 2021.

The primary motives behind these crimes were identified, with ‘disputes’ leading the tally at 9,962 cases, followed by ‘personal vendetta or enmity’ (3,761) and ‘gain’ (1,884).

The data revealed that 95.4% of murder victims were adults, with men constituting approximately 70% of the victims. In terms of age, 8,125 females and nine third-gender persons were among the victims.

Metropolitan cities witnessed a 3.9% increase in murder cases, reaching 2,031 in 2022.

The crime rate per lakh population stood at 2.1, while the charge sheeting in such cases was 81.5.

According to the NCRB report, Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of FIRs at 3,491, followed by Bihar (2,930), Maharashtra (2,295), Madhya Pradesh (1,978), and Rajasthan (1,834). Together, these five states accounted for 43.92% of murder cases in the country.

Conversely, Sikkim (9), Nagaland (21), Mizoram (31), Goa (44), and Manipur (47) reported the lowest number of murder cases in 2022.

Jharkhand topped the murder rate per lakh population at four with 1550 murder cases, followed by Arunachal Pradesh (3.6), Chhattisgarh, and Haryana (both 3.4), while Uttar Pradesh (1.5), Bihar (2.3), Maharashtra (1.8), Madhya Pradesh (2.3), and Rajasthan (2.3) fared comparatively better.

Among Union Territories, Delhi registered 509 cases of murder in 2022, followed by Jammu and Kashmir (99), Puducherry (30), Chandigarh (18), Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (16), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (7), Ladakh (5), and Lakshadweep (0).

In Metropolitan cities, Bengaluru witnessed 173 murder cases in 2022, Mumbai 135, Lucknow 131, Patna 107 and Chennai 101.

‘4% rise in crimes against women’

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has reported a significant increase in crimes against women, with a total of 4,45,256 cases registered in 2022, a four per cent rise compared to the previous year, which recorded 4,28,278 cases.

According to the NCRB, in 2022, as many as 250 women were murder-cum-rape/gang rape victims across the country.

“There were a total of 6,516 dowry death victims while 4,963 incidents of abetment to suicide of women were reported,” the data stated.

As per the NCRB report, Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of crimes against women incidents at 65,743, followed by Maharashtra (45,331), Rajasthan (45,058), West Bengal (34,738), and Madhya Pradesh (32,765).

Among Union Territories, Delhi witnessed 14,247 incidents of crime against women, followed by Jammu and Kashmir (3,716) and Chandigarh (325).

Incidents of kidnapping and abduction of women were at 69,677, posing a challenge for the police forces across the country.

Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of kidnapping and abduction incidents at 14,887, followed by Bihar (10,190), Maharashtra (9,297), Madhya Pradesh (7,960) and West Bengal (6596).

Delhi topped the list among Union Territories with 4,032 incidents of kidnapping and abduction of women registered in 2022 while Nagaland registered the lowest with four incidents.

The NCRB data revealed a disturbing picture as 31,982 women were raped in 2022. The data stated that Rajasthan recorded the highest number of rapes at 5,399 followed by Uttar Pradesh (3,690), Madhya Pradesh (3,029), Maharashtra (2,904), and Haryana (1,787).

In Union Territories, the national Capital recorded 1,212 rape cases followed by Jammu & Kashmir (287), and Chandigarh (78).

A total of 85,300 victims reported assault with intent to outrage modesty. Maharashtra saw the highest number with 11,512 incidents recorded, followed by Uttar Pradesh (10,548), Rajasthan (8,508), Odisha (7,327) and Andhra Pradesh (5,884). In UTs, Delhi recorded 2,029 assaults on women with intent to outrage modesty followed by Jammu & Kashmir (1,606), and Chandigarh (42). (IANS)

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