Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the simulation of human intelligence in machines that are progremmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. The term may also be applied to any machine that exhibits traits associated with a human mind such as learning and problem solving. The ideal characteristic of all AI is its ability to take actions that have the best chance of achieving a goal. Artificial Intelligence is now beginning in outperform humans in more & more of the various skills, including in the understanding of humans emotions -This could is how yuval Noah Harari contemplates in his best seller ‘twenty one lessions for twenty first century’. It is crucial to realize that the Artificial Intelligence is not just about computers getting faster and smarter. It is fuelled by pioneering trends in the life sciences and social sciences as well. The better we understand the bio-chemical mechanisms that underpin human emotions, desires and Choices, the better computers
Can become in analysing human behaviour, predicting human decisions, & replacing human drivers, bankers & lawyers.
In the last few decodes research in areas such as neuroscience and behavioural economics allowed scientists to hack humans and in particular to gain a much better understanding of how humans make decisions. It turned out that our choices of everything from food to mates result not from some mysterious free will, but rather from billions of neurons calculating probabilities within a split- second. Good drivers, bankers and lawyers don’t have magical intuitions about traffic, investment or negotiation – rather they spot and try to avoid careless pedestrians, inapt borrowers and dishonest crooks. No wonder that even good drivers, bankers & lawyers sometime make stupid mistakes.
Infact the Artificial intelligence can outperform humans ever in tasks that supposedly demand intuition Artificial intelligence can be better at jobs that demand institutions about other people. Many lines of work – Such as driving a vehicle in a street full of pedestrians, lending many to strangers, & negotiating a business deal. Essentially human emotions & desires are infact no more than biochemical algorithms,
there is no reason why computers can’t decipher these algorithms-& do so far better than humans.
A driver predicting the intentions of a pedestrian, a banker assessing the credibility of a potential barrower, and a lawyer gauging the mood at the negotiation table don’t rely on witchcraft. Rather, their brains are recognizing biochemical patterns by analysing facial expressions, tones of voice, hand movements, and even body odours. An AI equipped with the right sensors all that far more accurately & reliably than a human. Therefore AI can outperform humans in what were hitherto uniquely human skills.
To top it all, in February the Kerla police inducted a robot for police work. The same month Chennai got robot- run restaurant, where robots serve as waiters. These examples suggest the arrival of AI in our everyday lives. But AI is far from the regulatory setup of the law. For instance that electricity supply suddenly stops while a robot is performing a surgery & access to a doctor is lost. The courts in western world have got face to face with these questions. Similarly, what if a driver less AI car gets into an accident that causes harm to humans or damages property?
Countries like Germany, U.S, china, Japan and Korea are following Germany in developing a law on self- driven cars. The juristics of AI requires to have at first, the legal definition of AI. It is also important establish the legal personality of AI- which means AI would have rights and obligations under law. The legal personality would enable to attribute intention to AI- if the AI happens to be involved in some criminal Act. The element of intention is the primary ingredient of most of the criminal acts.
It may appear bizzare to impute intention to inanimate entitles: the way out of this enigma is to bring the AI within the sphere of ‘no fault liability’. Another significant concern for jurisprudence is the tug of war that is likely to ensure between AI & right to privacy. The data protection Bill. That is on the cusp of enactment process must see to this serious clash of interest between AI & privacy- since, AI has huge potential to possess huge data.