The World Health Organization, in order to draw global attention to the tobacco epidemic and the preventable death and disease it causes, created World No-Tobacco Day in 1987. It is annually observed around the world on May 31.
Tobacco smoke includes more than 7000 chemicals, many of these are carcinogenic, according to the experts. Smoking related health consequences are broadly classified into pulmonary (lungs) and extrapulmonary. Pulmonary complications includes lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema.”
Ischemic heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and stroke are some of the extrapulmonary complications.
According to experts, tobacco adversely affects the immune system and impairs lung function, making users more vulnerable to developing respiratory infections like colds, influenza, tuberculosis, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Apart from lung cancer smoking increases the risk of larynx, oesophageal, bladder cancer. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide in men. Even passive smoking is harmful and increases risk of cancer.
As per who, tobacco kills more than 8 million people every year around the world. Out of this, more than 7 million deaths are the result of direct tobacco use while around 1.2 million are the result of non-smokers being exposed to second-hand smoke, it also informed on its website.
While cigarette smoking is the most common form of tobacco use worldwide, other uses products include waterpipe tobacco, various smokeless tobacco products, cigars, cigarillos, roll-your-own tobacco, pipe tobacco, bidis and kreteks.
In 2020, tobacco related cancers are estimated to contribute 3.7 lakhs (27.1%) of the total cancer burden.
As per the officials, cancer is diagnosed and treated at various levels in the health care facilities. The treatment in Government Hospitals is either free or “highly subsidized” for the poor and needy, the Ministry of Health informed the parliament recently.
The dangers of tobacco must not be concealed. Everyone has a duty to help tobacco users.
Vital Strategies has found that it is critical to the victims and to the tobacco users in the focus groups that the victims are heard, and what they say is conveyed to tobacco users.
Progress cannot be achieved without a healthy population. The hard-hitting messages are essential to cut through the lies and false comfort that tobacco promoters resort to.
Smoking also leads to dreadful drug abuse and invariably a drug addict is a smoker also. A very important aspect is also early-age addiction and must also be examined and neutralized. Parents and family members have a larger role.