EAC-PM takes on former CEA Arvind Subramanian’s paper on India’s GDP

New Delhi, Jun 13: A day after former chief economic advisor Arvind Subramanian said real gross domestic product (GDP) growth had averaged 4.5 per cent in 2011-2016 and not 6.9 per cent as estimated by the National Statistical Office (NSO), the Economic Advi­sory Council to the Prime Minister (EAC-PM) said it would examine Subram­anian’s paper and issue a point-by-point rebuttal.
“It is felt that any attempt to sensationalise what should be a proper academic debate is not desirable from the point of view of preserving the independence and quality of India’s statistical systems, all of which the former CEA is familiar with,” said a statement from the EAC-PM.
“These are certainly issues that Dr Subramanian must certainly have raised while he was working as CEA, though by his own admission, he has taken time to understand India’s growth numbers and is still unsure,” it said.
In a research paper that analyses data on 17 different economic indicators in the non-financial sector, Subramanian has said that India’s real GDP growth “was more likely to have been 3.5-5.5 per cent” in the 2011-2016 period. He said that the new GDP series overestimated real GDP growth by 2.5 percentage points.
This has reignited the debate on the accuracy of GDP numbers.
Subramanian analysed out­put volume-based data, such as the index of industrial production, exports and im­ports, footfall of tourists, auto sales, airline passenger traffic, and electricity and petroleum consumption am­ong others, to make his claim.