“Behind every atom of this world hides an infinite a universe”
“This Universe is not outside of you. Look inside yourself; Everything that you want, you already are.”
“All day I think about it, and then at night I ask myself; where did I come from, and what am I supposed to be doing? I have no idea. My soul is from elsewhere, I am sure of that, and I intend to end up there. Who looks out with my eyes? What is the soul? I cannot stop asking. If I could taste one sip of an answer, I would break out of this prison for drunkards. I didn’t come here of my own accord, and I can’t leave that way. Whoever brought me here will have to take me back at home”
Jabir Ibn Hayan, Popular and famous Al-chemist of the Moslem world examines the specific trails of the particles on the idea of classification. He observed on the idea of liquidity, sterilization, ductility and feasibility. Thus Jabir was well aware about the secrets of particles. But, let’s turn to the fact that the cogitation of particles emerged during 1910’s decade.
Iqbals sheds light on the reality of life like;
“A new light in my life –
Shimmering, but shy,
Like the morning sun in winter,
From half closed eyes,
Peeping at the mountain sides
And valleys, all white,
With deep , undulating
Drifts of virgin snow.”
Javid Nama The Pilgrimage of Eternity
Hazrat Allama Sir Muhammad Iqbal (R.A), page no-i. Particle Physics is a part of Physics that studies the nature of elementary particles. Which includes the special reference with matter and radiation. It is also called as High Energy Physics. Particle refers to very small types of objects i.e, protons, gas particles and household dirt and dust. Particle Physics deals with the investigation of smallest detectable particles and interactions. By interactions, I means excitement of elementary sub-particles in quantum spins fields that cause and govern the interaction of fields.
There are 61 types of sub-particles in atom discovered till yet. According to standard model of elementary particles , particles are divided in two types i.e, Quarks and Leptons. Quarks are of 6 types. 3 generations of Quark particles are, Up-Quark, Top-Quark, and Charm-Quark. This first group of Quarks in have their anti-particles called as, anti-Up quark, antiTop quark and anti-charm quark. Similarly they have another pair of Quarks in 2nd row. Leptons include, Electron, Muon, Tau, Positron, Anti-Muon, Anti-Tau etc. Similarly, Leptons also have their another row of 3pairs. On another side of series of particles Gauge Bosons Vector Bosons and Scalar Bosons exist. They are, Gluon , Photon , Higgs, Z° Bosons, W± Bosons etc. These particles are called Interactions/force carriers in elementary Bosons.
Carriers of Force
Bosons are the messenger particles that transmit force from one fermion to another. Each of the four known fundamental forces has its own type of Boson. Gluons convey the strong nuclear force, which bonds Quarks as well as protons and neutrons; eight Gluon types differ in abstract properties called color and anticolor. Intermediate Vector Bosons transfer the weak nuclear force, which changes one type of nuclear particle into another in the process of radioactive decay, these force Carriers may be positively charged, negativity charged or neutral. Gravitons—yet to be detected—are believed to mediate Gravity, and photons carry electromagnetism.
Some Bosons are stable particles; most photons, for example, date from just after the Big Bang. But force carriers can also be so-called virtual particles, ghostly constructs generated by one fermion and immediately absorbed by another. Through the exchange of virtual Bosons, Quarks or Leptons are able to interact repelling, attracting, annihilating, or otherwise affecting one another.
The generic Gluon represents the eight types that bind Quarks together. Bearers of the strong force, gluons also bind neutron and protons to form atomic nuclei. Photons communicate electromagnetic force between charged Fermions such as electrons, allowing them attracting or repel, depending their on their respective charges. Gravitons are thought to convey the tug of gravity between all particles. Although essential to theories that treat the four forces as equivalent, Gravitons have yet to be detected experimentally. Intermediate Vector Bosons come in three distinct types. All of them carry the weak force, which acts on certain kinds of particles that are susceptible to decay. Moulana Rumi contemplates his vision in a verse;
“Alas, don’t tell me the Christian’s are lost.
Don’t tell me the Jews are lost.
Don’t tell me the infidels are lost.
Alas, my brother, you are lost,
that is why everyone else seems lost.”
“Yaar Zinda Sohbat Baaqi”
“Reunion is subordinate to survival”
Khalid Lateef is an independent researcher of Iqbaliyat, Bible, comparative study of religions and , Iqbal study in reference with Reunification of science, philosophy, History, Archaeology and Humanities. He is a freelance writer and columnist. Currently He is working on the “Comparative study of Allama Iqbal and Albert Einstein”. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org, +917889908997.