Ballad of Kashmir
A teeny stretch of land,
Of red rivers, filled with blood of it’s young men.;
Of sombre soil
All drenched of tears.
Wrapped inside high mountains; mewling on the plight
Of appalling air blowing around, echoing the wails, the mourns, the sobs, the miseries
Clinched in the fist of iron chains, Locked and trapped..
Every civilisation demonstrates it’s fascile notion by it’s sociological cultures. Infact Kashmiri culture is an oldest cultures among the Egyptian, Chinese, Babylon and sumera. It has its own long 6000 year history of Kings. In real essence, there was no Indian culture of Sindhu and Gandhara, Taxila culture of Pakistan in existence, when Kashmir civilisation was on it’s peak in 3000 b.c. Kashmiri culture shaped the archaeological and religious history of india, Pakistan, china and the east and west Punjab. The Religious enchantings of Bhuddist culture were erected here. Sixth council of Bhuddism is celebrated here in a paradise Kashmir. Famous Chinese Traveller Hieun Tsang visits Kashmir valley in the reign of King Harsha. When he went back to China, he wrote a detailed description of India including Kashmir. He titled his book “Si-yu-Ki” or “Record of the western countries”.
Pottery and its existence in kashmir
Pottery is the art of using ceramics. Earthenware, stoneware and porcelain are the types of this art. Pottery is one of the oldest and precious invention of human civilisations. Pottery occurs before the Neolithic period. In the Gravittian culture of Czechoslovakia, Venus of Dolni vestonice, a figurine discovered in the Czech Republic date back to 29,000— 25,000 B.C. Pottery vessels discovered in Jianxi, China, date back to 18,000 BC. In Jomon, Japan a pottery found, dates back to 10,500 BC.The potteries of east Russia, Sub Saharan Africa and South America are 14,000 BC old.
It is made by forming a ceramic material body in objects of a required shape and materials. This object is heated then to high temperatures in a kiln which douses all the water from the clay. This process leads to permanent changes including increasing their. strength and hardening and setting their permanent shape.
In Archaeological sense, the potteries of Kashmir have been discovered from 5000 BC era. Kashmiri Archaeologist Dr Mumtaz Ahmad Yatoo believes that
“ In Archaeological dilemma Kashmiri pottery were erected in Burzahom and south Kashmir”.
The contribution to of Centre of Central Asian Studies Kashmir university , and history and Archaeological department has long contribution in this regard. Dr Ajmal Shah, Dr Mumtaz Ahmad Yatoo and Dr Afaq are well known scholars of this field . Recently in 2017 the team of scholars have discovered many Neolithic sites like Trehgam , Kupwara, Kreeri , Baramulla,Turkipora Handwara and Sopore. They believe that these site are more than 5000 BC old. Neolithic period is the period between 7000 to 6500 BC.
Current culture of pottery
With the advancement of science and technology, the world has transformed into Globalization. Our planet has been changed into a global village. After the expansion of Renaissance and industrial revolution, art and the skill was influenced. Throughout empires, The ottoman empire, Saffavid empire, Mogul empire were unable to challenge European powers. Thus, our craft suffered alot. But, before a decade it was alive in our Kashmir. Nowadays, utensils of steel, copper (traam) is existing . We are becoming more and more rest customers. Thus our skill and art, culture , sociological apprehension is wrapped in kafun (Shroud) and has been weary forever. It is our duty to support the culture of our ancestors. Our ancestors used to eat in the clay earthenware (katrey chin , baan ). Their was a medical healing help. The time is alarming us to revisit out culture, socio-ethics. It is the rule of history, those who loose their culture , history never find place and befit somewhere. This is the cause of concern we are loosing language, culture , sociological ethics.
“Yaar Zinda Sohbat Baaqi”
“Reunion is subordinate to survival”
Khalid Lateef is an independent researcher of Iqbaliyat, comparative study of religions and, Iqbal study in reference with Reunification of science, philosophy, History, Archaeology and Humanities. Currently He is working on the “comparative study of Allama Iqbal and Albert Einstein”. He can be contacted at email@example.com, +917889908997