ASTRONOMY, PHYSICS, AND RELIGION IN THE LIGHT OF IQBALS THOUGHT

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Khalid Lateef

The word ‘kun faya kun’ initially confers void, nothing and null. According to mystic sufi’s and darwaish’s the concept is not the constant one, but they see the life in the kaleidescope of continuous flow of events. ‘Kun’- existence and ‘faykun’ it’s consistency. According to this concept everything is occurring and destroying with it’s completeleness within same time -” to be and not to be” and he feels accountable for every moment for life. If we live according to this concept we will be living in present enjoying each and every single moment of life and focusing on the miracles happening all around us rather hanging around past or future.
Thus it is clear to us, that universe, baby universe , multi-universe, parallel-universes exist itself from or nothing. Astrophysicist’s believe, universe was actually void in it’s precreation. It existed from a cosmic fireball. Then out of this void, cosmic fireball created an infinitesimal size of universe. Philosophy, Theosophy Theology, Metaphysics, Cosmology, Cosmogony, Metaphysics, Physics, or appropriately Astronomy and Astrophysics gives the explanation and brief overview of universe.
A number of theories on the existence of universe had been formulated from time to time. The initial theory predates back to 3rd century B.C , i.e, cosmogony theory on the concept of light by Anaximander. The first modern theory on creation was put forwarded by Lemaitre in 1931, famous with the name “Big Bang theory”. It was very successful and accepted theory during 1930’s to 80’s. However, string theory changed it’s place in past and still it occupies lovely position in Modern physics. After this theory, the two scientists Wilson and Penzias formulated cosmic fireball theory. Astronomy wants to seek answer how and for what purpose universe existed?. Why and when it existed?.
Sir Muhammad Iqbal in one of his lecture books preface writes;
“The Quran is a book which emphasizes ‘deed’ rather then ‘idea’. There are however men to whom it is not possible organically to assimilate an alien universe by reliving as a vital process. That special type of inner experience on which religious faith rests.” TRORTII by Allama Iqbal page no: 5
He in an chapter discussed on universe in an intelligible and theosophistic manner;
“Knowledge and religious experience
What is the character and general structure of universe in which we live, is there a permanent element in the Constitution of universe, how are we related to it, and what place do we occupy in it, and what is the kind of conduct that befits the place we occupy, these questions are common to religion, philosophy and higher poetry. But the kind of knowledge that poetic inspiration brings is essentially individual in it’s character; it is figurative, vague and indefinite.” TRORTII by Allama Iqbal page no: 3
Right from the civilisations started their livelihood struggle, many of them wanted to observe and study. They wished to understand creation and plan of creation on the basis of ideals like deity, religion, cosmos, Gnosis etc. Let me quote comedy story lecture from the famous and best seller book;
“What is time and picture of universe
A well known scientist (some say, it was Bertrand Russell) once gave a public lecture on Astronomy. He described how the earth orbits around the sun in turn orbits around the centre of vast collection of stars called the Galaxy. At, the end of a lecture, a little old lady at the back of room got up and said,” what you have told us is totally rubbish, the world is really a flat plate supported on the back of giant tortoise”. The scientist gave a superior smile before replying, “what is tortoises “ “ you are clever, young man , very clever,” said the old lady.