How gaps in India’s passport rules may have helped Nirav Modi cross borders

There’s confusion over how Nirav Modi, the main accused in the Punjab National Bank fraud case, has been able to travel internationally despite India revoking his passport. Hindustan Times explains how the revocation process works and the gaps in the system that may have helped the fugitive jeweler.
The Indian Passport Act of 1967 explains the grounds for revoking and impounding a passport by the issuing authority in the external affairs ministry. The grounds include the following: suppression of material information or provision of wrong information; obtaining another passport; in the interests of the ‘sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of India, friendly relations of India with any foreign country, or in the interests of the general public’; if the holder has been ‘convicted’ for any offence to imprisonment for not less than two years; if proceedings in respect of an offence are pending before a criminal court.